Gimana mau mengenalkan bahwa matematika itu fun, kalau kita sebagai orangtua ga suka matematika?
Memang gampang-gampang susah, ya. Apalagi masa kecil kita sudah dijejalkan matematika yang seram itu. Nah, sekarang saat sudah beranak, tentu kita ga mau kan, kalau anak kita benci matematika?
Kalau setuju dengan pernyataan di atas, coba baca sebentar, kutipan artikel yang saya comot dari http://www.independent.co.uk/
Teacher, author and education consultant Maya Thiagarajan has now revealed how parents can raise their children to love maths even if they themselves don’t:
“First, I think that parents should refrain from making statements like ‘I never liked maths,’ or ‘I’m not good at maths’ in front of their kids,” she told Smart Parenting.
“Our kids absorb our attitudes in all kinds of ways, so we need to work on sharing a positive attitude with our kids.”
Thiagarajan says parents should try and create what she calls “math-rich homes” for their children: “I think that with young kids, it’s quite easy to create a math-rich home, even if you as a parent don’t actually like math or feel good at it.
“The important thing is to become conscious of how to integrate maths into everyday conversations and activities and make it a part of one’s life.”
Thiagarajan cites Singapore as an example, where many mothers talk to their children about numbers, shapes and patterns from a young age, thus integrating maths into daily life and creating a mathematically rich home.
“They play maths games in the car or at the dinner table,” Thiagarajan says, and gives examples such as “guess the number, solve the mathematical riddle, add up the numbers on license plates as quickly as possible, calculate distance traveled.”
According to Thiagarajan, these successful parents also encourage their children to play maths-related games.
“They teach their kids chess. They spend money and time on Lego sets, building blocks, tangrams, jigsaw puzzles, and board games,” she says.
“When they take their kids to the grocery store, they talk maths. If one apple costs $0.80, how much will six apples cost? When they ride the elevator, they talk maths. Look, we’re riding up and down a number line. If we’re on the fifth floor now, how many more floors till we get to the 11th floor?”
They’re simple changes that could make a huge difference to your child’s life.
Intisarinya Thiagarajan menyarankan agar:
– Jangan mengatakan pada anak bahwa kita ga suka matematika
– Buat suasana rumah yang kaya matematika
– Berinvestasilah di permainan yang mengasah matematika seperti: lego, puzzle, balok susun, catur, dll
– Gunakan matematika di mana saja, di rumah (saat makan), saat keluar rumah, dll
– Hubungkan matematika dengan keseharian
– Bicarakan angka, ukuran, dan pola sejak kecil
Sesuaikan dengan Gaya Belajar Anak
Anak-anak kita terlahir berbeda. Bahkan anak kembar sekalipun. Gaya belajarnya juga pasti beda. Setiap anak adalah unik. Gaya belajar untuk satu anak, belum tentu sama untuk saudaranya, belun tentu bisa dipraktekkan untuk anak yang lain. Jadi, ketika satu cara tidak berhasil, coba cara lain, Moms! Jangan menyerah.
Berikut ini adalah ide aktivitas mengenalkan matematika yang bisa disesuaikan dengan gaya belajar anak, saya kutip dari situs Babycenter, silakan dicoba satu-satu!
1. Anak Visual
Go on a number safari. When you’re driving around town, have your child look for numbers in street and store signs, and on license plates. Call out the numbers as you find them. Your child should be able to recognize numbers up to ten before kindergarten.
Connect the dots. This old standby will help your child understand number sequencing; that is, that one is followed by two, two by three, etc. Bookstores are full of coloring books with connect the dot themes (and don’t worry if your child only wants a Teletubby or Pokémon theme — it’s all about the numbers right now).
Make a phone call.Write the phone number of a friend or relative down on a piece of paper. Have your child dial the number to give him practice reading numbers left to right.
Count everything around you. Count people standing in line, the number of steps to the library, the cracks in the sidewalk.
2. Anak yang Suka dengan Kegiatan Fisik
Count and sort household items. Mix up the knives, forks, and spoons from the silverware drawer and have your child group them by type and count how many there are in each group. Do the same with your sock drawer (by color, by size), your child’s stuffed animal collection (group the animals by big and small; put all the bears together). Have your child help you fold and sort laundry. How many socks are there? How many T-shirts? Have him divide them into groups.
Go on a shape search around the house. Look for squares, triangles, circles, stars — any kind of shape. Your child will be expected to recognize, draw, and manipulate shapes well into 1st grade (not to mention high school geometry!).
Play with shape puzzles and blocks. Manipulating three-dimensional objects — playing with a shape-sorter box, for example — will introduce your child to basic geometry as well as help develop his fine motor skills and spatial reasoning.
Make a counting book. This activity has a reading and a math component: With some help from you, have your child go through an old catalog or magazine and cut out all the items that start with the letter “A” and paste them onto a piece of construction paper. When you’ve gone through the list, count all the pictures on each page.
Make a game out of snack time. For example, give your child a handful of goldfish crackers, and draw a picture of a fishbowl on a piece of white paper. Put the fish in the fishbowl and have your child count them. Take one out, and count again.
Play pattern games. For example, give your child green and purple grapes. Have him arrange them in different patterns: purple, green, purple, green. Or green, green, purple, green, green. Look for patterns in nature: rings on a caterpillar, the whorl on a snail shell, or things that come in pairs such as eyes, ears, or two peanuts in a shell. This activity will develop your child’s problem-solving skills and his ability to think abstractly.
3. Anak Auditori
Listen to counting rhymes and songs. “Three little monkeys jumping on the bed; one fell off and bumped his head. Mama called the doctor and the doctor said, ‘No more monkeys jumping on the bed!’ Two little monkeys jumping on the bed…” Any variation on this counting rhyme introduces basic subtraction. Look for children’s games and music activity tapes such as the Wee Sing series that features songs about numbers.
Make a recipe with your child. Give your child the measuring cups and bowls and let him measure out the ingredients while you read the directions out loud. An easy — and delicious — way to introduce concepts such as volume and weight.
Si kecil yang gaya belajarnya Kinestetik-Auditori pun hari ini saya ajak bermain masak-masakan. Peralatan masak (cookware) mainan miliknya yang berbahan stainless steel pun jadi sasaran.
Saya bilang, “Masukkan satu wortel”. “Satu lagi…”, sambil mengarahkan tangannya ke panci atau wajan. “Berapa jamurnya?” “Berapa wortelnya? Saa..tu.” Sesederhana itu.
Si kecil memang suka sekali main masak-masakan dengan peralatannya yang berisik itu. Jadi, saya manfaatkan sekalian deh sesuai tips terakhir dari situs Babycenter. Namun karena masih bahaya dan mungkin dia belum nyambung untuk masak beneran, jadi disalurkan lewat permainan dulu, hehehe.
Referensi Lebih Lanjut
Berikut link lain yang saya kumpulkan untuk menemani ananda mengenal matematika sejak dini:
Btw, saya penasaran dengan metode Montessori. Pengen deh mengaitkan matematika dengan Montessori. Pengen banget baca buku Indonesia Montessori karya Elvina Lim Kusumo, tapi belum sempat nyari.
Happy reading dan tetap semangat belajar matematika dari awal lagi, dengan cara yang fun!